With Liberty and Justice for All: Join NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (American)
DimensionsSheet/image : 11 x 8 1/2 in. (27.94 x 21.59 cm)
Mat : 20 x 24 in. (50.8 x 60.96 cm)
Credit LineHope College Collection
LabelThe National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in 1909 by a coalition of Black and white activists to protect and advance the civil rights of African Americans. From the 1910s to the 1930s, the top priorities of the NAACP included the eradication of lynching and the reform of racially discriminatory criminal justice laws. Although the organization’s efforts to win passage of federal anti-lynching laws in Congress were blocked repeatedly by Southern conservatives, the group did see wins in legal challenges to convict leasing schemes and racially segregated juries during that period. In the late 1930s and 40s, the NAACP focused more on economic equality and access to jobs for African Americans. Their efforts in these areas played an important role in the establishment of the federal Fair Employment Practices Commission in 1941, which gave Black people greater access to jobs in the US government, military and defense industries. In the 1950s and 60s, the NAACP focused heavily on desegregation and the restitution of civil and voting rights for African Americans. The group’s efforts in these areas were galvanized by the 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education and by passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. The posters displayed here were printed by the NAACP in April, 1956 for display and distribution mainly in Black-owned businesses across the US as part of an effort to expand the organization’s membership and influence during a period of intense Civil Rights activism.