Is this a Republican Form of Government

Thomas Nast (American; German, 1840 – 1902)
publisher : Harpers Weekly (American)
Electrotype engraving
Sheet : 15 5/8 x 10 3/4 in. (39.69 x 27.31 cm)
Mat : 20 x 16 in. (50.8 x 40.64 cm)
Credit Line
Hope College Collection
Object Number

An African American man in torn clothing looks up toward Heaven with a grief-stricken expression as he kneels beside the bodies of a murdered Black family. The explanation for this horrific scene is provided by a sign visible in the background that reads: “The White Liners were here.” Composed mainly of Confederate veterans, the White Liners were dedicated to maintaining white supremacy in the South by terrorizing African Americans. They were especially active during the election season of 1876, when they murdered hundreds of Black people in communities across the South in an effort to keep them from voting in the presidential election. The tight race between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel J. Tilden ended in a dispute over which candidate had won the Electoral College votes for Louisiana, South Carolina, Florida and Oregon. In the end, the Southern Democrats conceded the election to Hayes in exchange for his promise to remove federal troops from the South and end Reconstruction. This move cleared the way for Southern states to impose fresh laws curtailing the rights of African Americans that would last into the 1960s.

Object Type