Pendant Cross with Knot Design


Artist
attributed to : Ethiopian, Addis Ababa (city) (Ethiopian)
attributed to : Ethiopian, Gondar (city) (Ethiopian)
Date
late 19th-mid 20th century
Medium
Silver alloy
Dimensions
Work : 1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1/8 in. (3.81 cm x 3.18 cm x 3 mm)
Credit Line
Gift of Neal and Elizabeth Sobania
Object Number
2018.25.51

Label
Pectoral crosses are worn on cords around the neck as expressions of faith and to protect their wearers from harm. There is textual evidence for the use of pectoral crosses in Ethiopia as early as the 15th century, but most of the crosses found in Ethiopia today date from the late 19th and 20th centuries. Both men and women may wear pectoral crosses, but they are more commonly seen on women. They are typically made of cast silver and are found with a wide variety of engraved, openwork and filigree designs.