Mexican Art: 1960s-1980sMay 12 2021
From the 1920s to the 1950s, Mexican art was dominated by the Mexican Muralist School. Heavily influenced by the goals of Mexico’s 1910 Revolution, the Muralists maintained that art should promote political consciousness and social justice. Artists of the Muralist school developed a distinctive style that combined elements of European social realism with indigenous Mexican folk art. The Mexican Muralist School was so powerful by the mid-1940s that one of its leaders was able to declare: "There is no other way but ours."
As memories of the 1910 Revolution faded, however, some Mexican artists began to chafe against the orthodoxies of the Muralist School. These artists wanted the freedom to explore a wider range of styles and subjects. Inspired by Rufino Tamayo and other artists who managed to develop careers outside the Muralist mainstream, the rebellious artists came to be known as The Rupture Generation. Although the Muralist School remained influential through the 1950s, artists of the Rupture Generation became the driving force in Mexican art from the 1960s onward and helped it evolve in new directions that are still playing out today.
This digital exhibition offers a selection of artworks dating from the early 1960s to the early 1990s that illustrate the variety of styles and subjects explored by Mexican artists during those decades.